Saturday, March 14, 2020
Child Development Essays
Child Development Essays Child Development Essay Child Development Essay Essay question: Jean Piaget proposed a step-wise sequence of mental development during childhood. Provide an overview of PiagetÃ¢â¬â¢s core ideas, discussing evidence for and against these ideas. Jean Piaget (1869-1980) started to investigate childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s development after two years of working with children in BinetÃ¢â¬â¢s lab (Eddy, 2010). He found that children of younger aged gave different answers than those of alder age not because they have less knowledge but because they thought differently.He describes development as sequence of stages and each of these stages represents different type of thinking occurs in variable ages in different background (Vidal, 2000) Focal point Ã¢â¬â children have all the cognitive mechanisms to learn by constantly react with their environment. Experiences also play an very important formative role in childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s development. Piaget (1985) says that experience engenders disequilibrium and eventually a higher state of equilibrium. So me underlying principle behind PiagetÃ¢â¬â¢s theory: Schema: cognitive structures or frameworks that represent certain aspect of the world and to help individuals understand the world they inhibit. * Adaptation: the process that builds and adapts our schemes through interaction with environment. * Assimilation: a process that takes in substances and stimulations or incorporates/ fits new information into pre-existing schema (Read, 1997). * Accommodation: this happens when the existing schema does not work and changes are needed to adapt better to the assimilated reality (Read, 1997).The four stages of PiagetÃ¢â¬â¢s theory of cognitive development: 1. The sensorimotor stage (0-2 years): Develop the ability to make sense of the world by using their senses ad motor abilities. 2. Preoperational stage (2-7 years): begin to develop motor skills but still lacks of understanding of conservation of physical properties. Wellman and Gelman (1992) claim that young children by age 3 or 4, th ey see people as processing beliefs, desires, thoughts and images as well as emotional reactions. 3. Concrete operational stage (7-11 years): child able to think logically 4.Formal operational stage (11 years ): able to manage higher order reasoning. (Read, 1997) * Describe each of the stages with more details. * Critically discuss the stages of PiagetÃ¢â¬â¢s theory. Strength of PiagetÃ¢â¬â¢s theory This theory changes the way that people thinks the childÃ¢â¬â¢s mind and his work increases interest in child development and it is very useful as practical application to the real world such as education and development psychology(Cherry, 2013). Further the understanding of cognitive development and children.Weakness Some have said that children are more precocious than what PiagetÃ¢â¬â¢s proposed. Piaget underestimated childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s abilities (Cherry, 2013). Some claim that PiagetÃ¢â¬â¢s did not include intervention into account. He did not consider about the importance of social influence of an adult. The aspects in PiagetÃ¢â¬â¢s step-wise model are strict and rigid. Besides, Cherry (2013) states that research show that all children will automatically move to next stage of development but not through environmental factors.